Important Words and Definitions

Assembly of Yahweh, Cascade
(an Assembly of True Israel, of the Diaspora)
Words and Definitions critical to the correct understanding of the Scriptures and Christianity.





From a Hebrew verb form which means 'to show red (in the face)', red, rosy, to blush, The color of a new-born white child, (the male ancestor of the white race), and from whom YAHWEH formed the first white woman. The word 'Adam' is used generically, of the Adamic race as a whole, both male and female. It can be used as a proper name, designating the first 'Adam' of the white race. The history of Adam and his descendants the Adamic race are detailed in the first book of the Scriptures called Genesis, Gen. 5:1-2. The Adamic race was the first to cultivate the soil, Gen. 2:5. To the Adam, was given 'neshamah', divine inspiration "intellect." Gen. 2:7. Only those of the Adamic race 'kind after kind' have neshamah. The Adamic race began approximately 4003 BC (according to Scriptural History). The word 'Adam' translated 'man' in the Scriptures, should not to be confused with the word 'man-kind' (holding to the qualities of man), or the word 'hu-man' which derives from the combination of hued (colored) and man. Man-kind in general, originated during the 6th age of Creation, many millennia prior to the formation of 'Adam man'. The progenitors of the Adamic race (Adam and Eve) were formed by their Creator YAHWEH in the 7th age of Creation, about 6,000 years ago (according to the Scriptures). The word 'Man' comes from the German Mann (Mannus), which was the great ancestor, progenitor, of the Germanic race. The word Man is used as an incorrect substitute for the Scriptural word Adam, or adam.


A Hebrew word which translates "my Lord," or "my sovereign," or "Master." Substituted in worship for the Sacred Name of YHWH (YAHWEH) by the Yahudim because of their superstition, it is linked etymologically with the Greek idol Adonis and is therefore unacceptable for use by the True Believer, Worshiper, Israelite.


One who believes that there can be no proof of the existence of a "G-d" (a superior being) but does not deny the possibility that a "G-d" exists. Notes: An agnostic does not deny the existence of a "G-d" and heaven for example, but rather holds that one cannot know for certain if they exist or not. The term agnostic was fittingly coined by the 19th-century British scientist Thomas H. Huxley, who believed that only material phenomena were objects of exact knowledge. He made up the word from the prefix a-, meaning "without, not," as in amoral, and the noun Gnostic. Gnostic is related to the Greek word gnosis, "knowledge," which was used by early writers to mean "higher, esoteric knowledge of spiritual things"; hence, Gnostic referred to those with such knowledge. In coining the term agnostic, Huxley was considering as "Gnostics" a group of his fellow intellectuals-- "ists," as he called them--who had eagerly embraced various doctrines or theories that explained the world to their satisfaction. Because he was a "man without a rag of a label to cover himself with," Huxley coined the term agnostic for himself, its first published use being in 1870.


A substitute word for the Scriptural Hebrew word "A-MN" (which is an affirmation of firmness and support) pronounced "Aw-mane" and not "Amen." The "A" sounds like the "a" in the word "father." Likewise the Greek equivalent in the Greek New Testament is pronounced: "Aw-mane." The Egyptians, including the Alexandrians, had been worshiping, or been acquainted with, the head of the Egyptian pantheon, Amen-Ra, the great Sun-deity, for more than one thousand years BC Before he was known as Amen-Ra, he was known as "Amen" among the Thebans. According to Funk and Wagnall's Standard College Dictionary, AMEN was the god of life and procreation in Egyptian mythology, and later identified with the Sun-god as the supreme deity and called "Amen-Ra." Smith's Bible Dictionary and Egyptian Belief and Modern Thought agree. Our Savior Yahshua calls Himself "the Aw-mane" in Revelation 3: 14. True Believers should not invoke the name of the Egyptian Sun-deity "Amen" at the end of prayer.


A word in Greek which means "messenger." The word is used in the Scriptures to refer to a class of divine spiritual (celestial) beings) who become involved in human affairs, or who deliver messages, or at times render judgment and destroy, but only at the direction of their Almighty Sovereign Creator Yahweh. The celestial Angels (messengers) always do the expressed bidding and will of their Creator YHWH (Yahweh) on earth, but can have the appearance of men. Angels are created beings, they are workers, messengers, managers, they serve, and directly represent YHWH (Yahweh) on the globe. In this direct representation capacity, these special Angels are sometimes addressed as 'Yahweh' (using the name of their Creator) because they are acting in the direct authority of their Creator YHWH (Yahweh). Contrary to popular belief, Angels do not have the ability, the power, or the authority to act beyond the boundary or the limits established by their Creator. The word Angel in the Scriptures can also refer to any terrestial man (non-divine) carrying a message on behalf of an other. Angels are common to Scriptures and also found in Islam. A leader or special functionary messenger (Angel) among the angels is sometimes called an "archangel" (e.g., Michael, Gabriel, are celestial archangels).

Anthropic Principle

The observation is made that because life exists, the formative parameters of the universe had to be constrained to a very narrow range of possible values. A natural theologian explains it by simply saying that G-d intended the universe to be inhabited, so G-d designed it this way. An atheist might give other answers: "We are here because we are here". (Why do I always see roads when I go driving?). Or, "how do we know that the parameters of the universe could have other possible values? Maybe, they are the only possible values, like pi". (Einstein's question). Or, "Maybe there actually are lots of other universes with different parameters, and we only live in one of them." This is a form of "Cosmic Darwinism." The "strong" form of the Anthropic Principle turns the argument around (Wheeler) and says, in effect, that "because we exist, the universe exists in such a form." This is humanism with a vengeance. The upshot is that the observations may be true, but the conclusion depends strongly on prior beliefs.


The term literally means "against Semites". The word Semite originates from one of the three sons of Noah, who was called Shem. A Semite is a descendent from Noah's son Shem. Shem was the father of Arpachshad, who was the father of Shelah, who was the father of Eber (the father of the Hebrews), who was an ancestor of Abram/Abraham, who was the father of Isaac, who was the father of Jacob/Israel. Anti-semitism is a phrase coined by Jews as a "catch-all" to indicate racism (against Jews). However, 95% of all Jews are not descendants from Noah's son Shem, so the term is miss-applied. Semites include Arabs and European Israelites (Caucasions). The phrase is incorrectly applied when used as opposition to Jews. Most Jews are not descendants of Shem, but are really descendants of Ashkenaz, who was the son of Gomer, who was the son of Japheth, who was a son of Noah (Gen. 10:2). That is why most Jews (90%) are called "Ashkenazi Jews." See Jew, Ashkenazi


Aryan is word used for a tribal name, originally associated with the Indo (Indian)-Iranian tribal people. The word also designates the branch of family languages that primarily includes Iranian, and ancient Sanskrit (Indian). The word does not designate a race of people, and is not a racial term. The word is believed (in error) by some white-supremacist groups to designate the white race, whoever, Aryan tribal people were never of the Caucasian (or white) race, but are "Indian."

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The word "beast" appears throughout scriptures and often appears translated as simple "Beast," or "Beast of the Field," or "Beast of the Earth." Three different Hebrew words are incorrectly translated into the English word BEAST in many English Bible Translations, one combined Hebrew word, and one Greek word.

1. The Hebrew word CHAY-AH, which means LIFE, LIVING CREATURE, EARTH LIFE-EARTH DWELLER, and can mean man-kind;

2. The Hebrew word BEHEMA, which means quadrupeds (like cattle);

3. The Hebrew word BEIR which means a BRUTE BEAST.

4. The Hebrew phrase NEPHESH CHAY-AH, means LIVING BREATHERS, it is used, of animals, both aquatic and land, as well as hu-mans (see Gen 1:24; 2:7). The common English translation of "soul" is incorrect-except when taken in the restricted sense of "one being."

5. The Greek word ZOE translated BEAST which means LIVING, LIFE, LIVING CREATURE, this word is the root of our English word for "Zoo".

In tracing these words through the Scriptures, it is important to note that Scripture speaks of both quadruped (four-footed) beasts and biped (two-legged) beasts. If you fail to distinguish between beasts (quadruped) and beasts (biped) in the Scriptures, you have missed the truth. Of primary Importance is the Hebrew word CHAY-AH, which means LIVE, LIVING CREATURE, EARTH LIFE-EARTH DWELLER. This word refers to biped (two-legged) Earth Life "beasts" or in other words human, or man-kind, as distinguished from the word "Adam, Adamic" (Man).


The term "Scripture (or Scriptures)" is used once in the Book of Daniel and fifty-four times in the Greek New Testament. It refers to the whole book, which is commonly known as "the Bible." The parts of The Scripture, or individual books, are called "books" or "scrolls," which are biblos or biblion in Greek. These words do not refer to the complete writ, which are The Scriptures. The word "Bible" for The Scriptures was first used about AD 400. The papyrus, on which all documents were written, was imported from Egypt through the Phoenician seaport Gebal, which the Greeks called Byblos or Byblus. This seaport was the home of the Phoenician Sun-deity. This city was founded by Baal Chronos and was the seat of Adonis and once contained a large temple of Adonis. The Sun-god was associated with the "Lady of Biblos." Both the city of Byblos in Phoenicia and the city Byblis in Egypt were named after the female deity Byblis (also called Byble or Biblis). This deity was the granddaughter of Apollo, the Greek Sun-deity. Byblia was also a name for Venus, an astral goddess and a goddess of sensuality among the ancient Greeks. 'The Scriptures' is the correct term to use when referring to the whole of the Sacred Writings.

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The Greeks used both the word Messias (a transliteration) and Christos (a translation) for the Hebrew Mashiach (Anointed). The word Christos was far more acceptable to the pagans who were worshiping Chreston and Chrestos.

According to The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, the word Christos was easily confused with the common Greek proper name Chrestos, meaning "good." According to a French theological dictionary, it is absolutely beyond doubt that Christus and Chrestus, and Christiani and Chrestiani were used indifferently by the profane and Christian authors of the first two centuries AD The word Christianos is a Latinism, being contributed neither by the Jews nor by the Christians themselves. The word was introduced from one of three origins: the Roman police, the Roman populace, or an unspecified pagan origin. Its infrequent use in the New Testament suggests a pagan origin.

According to Real encyclopaedia, the inscription Chrestos is to be seen on a Mithras relief in the Vatican. According to Christianity and Mythology, Osiris, the Sun-deity of Egypt, was reverenced as Chrestos. In the Synagogue of the Marcionites on Mount Hermon, built in the third century AD, the Messiah's title is spelled Chrestos. According to Tertullian and Lactantius, the common people usually called Christ Chrestos.


This is the word used in most English versions as a rendering of the Greek "ekklesia." The Greek word means "a calling out," "a meeting," or "a gathering." Ekklesia is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew qahal, which means an 'assembly' or a congregation.

The origin of the word "church" is kuriakon or kyriakon in Greek. The meaning is a building (the house of Kurios, or Lord). Dictionaries give the origin of "church" as the Anglo-Saxon root, circe. Circe was the goddess-daughter of Helios, the Sun-deity. The word circe is related to "circus," "circle," "circuit," and "circulate."

Circe was originally a Greek goddess whose name was written and pronounced as Kirke. The word "church" is known in Scotland as "kirk", in Germany as "Kirche", and in Netherlands as "kerk". The correct English word to use is Assembly, or the Greek word Ekklesia, but not "church".


A Contract between two parties. The major covenants in the scriptures are Yahweh's covenant with Abraham (Genesis 15), and the Sinai/Moses covenant (Exodus 19-24) between Yahweh and Israel. In Yahudaism, the covenant (Heb., brit) is a major theological concept referring to the eternal bond between Yahweh and the people of True Israel grounded in Yahweh's gracious and steadfast concern (hesed) that calls for the people's obedience to the divine Law and instruction (torah). For True Israel, Yahweh has made a “new covenant” (rendered as “new testament” in older English) through the Messiah Yahshua (the only begotten son of Yahweh) for this age, and for these times, continuing the “old covenant” with Moses at Sinai (see Jeremiah 31.31-34). See Testament


A modern view that assumes that the account of the creation given in Genesis is is to be given a primarily scientific and historical interpretation. It describes the formation of the earth via sudden acts of special creation in six 24-hour days with 'appearance' of age. Modern creationism also assumes that the Genesis flood was the primary cause of earth's geologic features, and that the age of the earth and the universe is about 6000 years old, and that all races of man-kind originated from the one Adam/Eve. Notes: In the basic sense of belief that a divine Creator created the physical universe, Jews, Muslims and Christians are creationists. However, the term is hardly ever used in this general way. Even among many Christians there are many schools of thought regarding the HOW and WHEN of creation: (1) Special or Young Earth creationism -- "sudden" special creation of each "kind" of living thing during a 6-day time period, of 6,000 years ago (or less). Also some with the understanding of '6 Ages' of creation. The intent is to formulate a description in "scientific" terminology but using the outline of Genesis as interpreted literally, or figuratively in the case of the 6 Ages of creation. (2) Progressive Creationism -- denies macroevolution and postulates intermittent special creations to accommodate the long time scale. Humanity is a special creation. (3) Evolutionary Creationism -- evolution is the mechanism and a long time scale is accepted, but G-d is ruling over the entire process. Humanity is selected out of a stock of pre-existing hominids, or man-kind. There are numerous other views and variations of these views.

Cross and Chi-Rho

The words "cross" and "crucify" are mis-translations, a "later rendering," of the Greek words stauros and stauroo. According to Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, STAUROS denotes, primarily, an upright pole or stake. The shape of the two-beamed cross had its origin in ancient Chaldea and was used as the symbol of the god Tammuz. In the third century AD, pagans were received into the apostate ecclesiastical system and were permitted largely to retain their pagan signs and symbols.

According to The Companion Bible, crosses were used as symbols of the Babylonian Sun-god. The evidence is complete; the Messiah was put to death upon an upright stake, not on two pieces of timber placed at an angle.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, in the Egyptian churches the cross was a pagan symbol of life borrowed by the Christians and interpreted in the pagan manner.

According to Greek dictionaries and lexicons, the primary meaning of stauros is an upright pale, pole, or stake. The secondary meaning of "cross" is admitted to be a "later" rendering. In spite of the evidence, almost all-common versions of the Scriptures persist with the Latin Vulgate's crux (meaning cross) as the rendering of the Greek stauros.

The most accepted reason for the "cross" being brought into Messianic worship is Constantine's famous vision of "the cross superimposed on the sun" in AD 312. What he saw is nowhere to be found in Scripture. Even after his so-called "conversion," his coins showed an even-armed cross as a symbol for the Sun-god. Many scholars have doubted the "conversion" of Constantine because of the wicked deeds that he did afterwards.

After Constantine had the "vision of the cross," he promoted another variety of the cross, the Chi-Rho or Labarum. This has been explained as representing the first letters of the name Christos (CH and R, or, in Greek, X and P). The identical symbols were found as inscriptions on rock, dating from ca. 2500 BC, being interpreted as "a combination of the two Sun-symbols." Another proof of its pagan origin is that the identical symbol was found on a coin of Ptolemeus III from 247-222 BC.

According to An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Symbols, the labarum was also an emblem of the Chaldean sky-god. Emperor Constantine adopted the labarum as the imperial ensign. According to Dictionary of Mythology Folklore and Symbols, the symbol was in use long before Christianity. Chi probably stood for Great Fire or Sun. Rho probably stood for Pater or Patah (Father). The word labarum yields "everlasting Father Sun."

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El, Eloah, Elohim, Elahin, Elyon

The most common word for "deity", (G-d) in the Hebrew Scriptures is elohim (used over 2000 times), which is the masculine plural form of el, meaning "a Mighty One", strength, powerful one. It can refer to the Hebrew YHWH (YAHWEH), to the gods or the idols of other nations, to angelic (messenger beings), or even to judges and rulers (see Gen. 3:5; 6:2; 35:1; Exo. 12:12; Psa. 82:1,6; 97:7,9; Gen. 23:6; Exo. 22:8-9 (for illustrations). When used to refer to the one YAHWEH of Israel, ELOHIM, although plural, normally takes a singular verb and singular prepositions. Eloah: Singular form of Elohim, with the same meaning. Elohim: plural of Eloah, Rulers, Messengers (Elohim although a plural word in the Hebrew is also used in the singular i.e. ruler, messenger).

The word 'El', is a very ancient Semitic term, and one most often used for greatness, strength, or deity. In Hebrew religious usage, it is not a proper name, but is used as a title. It is used as the Creator's superiority over all others as a generic term.

El, Eloah, Elohim is used to refer to the Creator, but is also applied to rulers, messengers, and persons.

Elyon is used in Ps. 7:17 as Most High. The term 'Eli', (my El) is used by Messiah in Mark 15:34 "Eli, Eli lamah shebaqtani."

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The word Gentile is a word not found in the Scriptures. It is an incorrect rendering of the Hebrew and the Greek word, which literally means 'Nation(s)'. In Scripture, the term can refer to non-Yisraelites (Israelites), or non-Yahudium (Judeans), or it may refer to many, or to all nations, including Yisrael (Israel). In all cases the word gentile in Bible translations should always be replaced with the word 'nation(s)', using context to define or to determine the proper application, or meaning.


The Greek word doxa in the Greek translations of the Old Testament and of the New Testament is usually rendered "glory" in the English versions, a translation of the Latin gloria. The Hebrew word kabod is usually rendered "honor" when applied to man, but rendered "glory" when applied to our Heavenly Father. Doxa means opinion, estimation, esteem, and repute. Kabad means to be heavy or make weighty, and esteem in its figurative sense.

Funk and Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary of the English Language has these three definitions under "glory," as follows: (1) in religious symbolism, the complete representation of an emanation of light from the person of a sanctified being, consisting of the aureole and the nimbus; (2) the quality of being radiant; as the glory of the sun; (3) any ring of light; a halo. Neither the Hebrew words kabod and kabad nor the Greek words doxa and dokeo carry these meanings.

The Church identified Elohim with the Sun-deity, which was the prevailing deity of the Roman emperors, the Roman capital, and the Roman Empire. Gloria, a Roman goddess, was personified on an icon as a woman whose upper body was almost naked, holding a circle on which are zodiac signs. In the dictionaries, encyclopedias, and ecclesiastical books are found many illustrations of our Savior, the Virgin, and the saints, encircled with radiant circles or emanations of light around them.

Instead of "glory," such words as "esteem," "high esteem," or "repute," which carry the meanings of the Hebrew and Greek words, can be used.


Gad is a Syrian or Canaanite deity of good luck or fortune. In Hebrew, it is written GD, but with Massoretic vowel-pointing, it is "Gad." Other Scriptural references to a similar deity, also written GD, have a vowel-pointing giving us "Gawd" or "G-d." Gad is identified with Jupiter, the Sky-deity or the Sun-deity.

In the Greek, the word G-d is a translation of the word "Theos" meaning Mighty One. This can refer to any person, man or in some cases non-man. The context determines the meaning. Assuming the word always refers to a non-man is error, as the Greek referred to many with authority as "Theos" (Mighty One).

The word "G-d (or god)" is a title, translating the Hebrew Elohim (or elohim), El (or el), and Eloah. However, it is often incorrectly used as a substitute for the Tetragrammaton (YHVH). YAHWEH, or the more accurate YAHUWEH pronounced YAH-oo-AY. Yahweh is the proper personal name of the Creator. Where Elohim is the Hebrew word with the English meaning of "Mighty One" the Greek word with the English meaning of Mighty One is "Theos." Neither word can be directly related or assumed to be equal to the name Yahweh, the Almighty Sovereign Creator, because this would be error.

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, G-D is the common Teutonic word for a personal object of religious worship, applied to all the superhuman beings of the heathen mythologies, and various kinds of idols. The word "g-d" on the conversion of the Teutonic races to Christianity was adopted as the name of the One Supreme Being, but this is error. The correct personal proper name of the One Supreme Being is Yahweh. Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics and Webster's Twentieth Century Dictionary, Unabridged agree that the origin of the word G-d, is Teutonic paganism.

In Indo-Germanic dictionaries, only one word resembles "g-d." It is ghodh and is pronounced the same. This word means union, also sexual union or mating. According to Luneburger Wörterbuch, the following are the same word: Gott, got, gode, gade, god and guth (gud). True Believers should never use the word 'G-d', when referring to Yahshua, Yahweh, or El Elyon. See El.

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Refers to either the open expanse of the sky, or often used to designate the home of the Almighty. Erroneously assumed to be the place for the reward of the saved, but never promised as such anywhere in the Scriptures.


The Hebrew word qodesh and the equivalent Greek word hagios and their derivatives have been translated as holy, hallowed, or sanctified in older English versions, and in modern versions as sacred. Bible dictionaries state that the meaning of qodesh (as well as qadash) specifies "separation." Modern scholars use the words "set apart," "set-apart," and "apartness."

According to Dictionary of Mythology Folklore and Symbols, the following is stated about the word HOLY: In practically all languages, the word "holy" has been derived from the divinely honored sun. According to Encyclopedia of Religions, HOLI is the Great Hindu spring festival, held in honor of Krishna, as the spring sun-god. Strong's Concordance refers to "heile" (the sun's rays). This form is almost identical to the German and Dutch equivalent of the English "holy." The German and Dutch word is heilig, which is derived from Heil, the name of a Saxon idol.

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Israel (Yisrael)

The name means to strive, to overcome, then rule with El, given to Jacob (Ya'aqob) as a new name when he strove, overcame with El, Gen. 32:28. Originally the name of the Nation which came from the 12 sons of Ya'aqob. After the division of the Kingdom (about 930 BC), the name Israel came to refer only to the Northern Kingdom, while the southern Kingdom was known as Yahud. The term Yisrael can refer to the 12 tribes as a whole, or to the Northern 10 ½ tribes. After the captivity and during the Diaspora (scattering), i.e. during the migration North into Europe, the Scriptures referred to Yisrael as the 'lost tribes'.


A native or inhabitant of modern Israel CE 1948, Of or having to do with modern Israel. The Nation known as Israel today, or the people (Israeli), who also call themselves Jews, has nothing in common with ancient Yisrael of the Scriptures, except for the historical territory part of the Nation that it is occupying. True Yisrael (Israel) remains dispersed among the nations, and is Biblically considered 'lost'. The people occupying the land area called Israel, for the most part, are not comprised of Israelites (descendants of Jacob), but are mostly Jews and Edomites, along with the Palestinians, a people descending from the ancient Philistines. Strangely enough, in a unique twist, the name of the territory of the historical enemies of the Yisraelites, has become one familiar title (Palestine), for all of what was at one time known as the 'Holy' Land. The word Palestine is a derivative from the word Philistine.


The present day Yisraelites (Israelites) of the Diaspora are an independent historical people group, comprised of all the 12 tribes of True Yisrael (Israel), of the BC 745-721 Diaspora (scattering). They are living 'among the nations'. The Jutes, Danes, Saxons, Angles, Vikings, Celts, and Normans are the people of the Assembly, and the True Israel of the Diaspora. The Central and Western European Nations are for the most part established and formed of the Caucasian 'white' people descending from Israel of the Diaspora. It is these Israelite people that the commission of Matthew 28:19-20 was for, and to whom the Apostles were instructed by Messiah to bring the Good Message of Redemption, and the instructions and required observations from Messiah, becoming the great Christian Nations of Central and Western Europe. Israelites are never called Jews. See also Jews, Ashkenazi; Jews, Sephardim.

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The original name of the Messiah is not J-sus or Iesous, but (in English spelling) Yahushua, Yahoshua. or Yahshua, pronounced as Yah-oo-shua (soft on the oo). In our Savior's word, His Father's Name was given to Him. The Father's Name is Yahuweh, or Yahweh, pronounced as Yah-oo-weh (soft on the oo).

According to Wörterbuch der Antike, the substitute name 'J-sus' can be traced back to the Latin Iesus and the Greek Iesous. Then, it can be traced back to an adaptation of the name of the Greek healing goddess Ieso. This is confirmed by Greek-English Lexicon of Liddell and Scott. To Greeks who venerated a healing goddess Ieso, a savior Iesous must have been most acceptable, suggests a writer in Philologische Wochenschrift. In spite of attempts to justify the "translating" of the Father's Name and His Son's Name, into the word 'G-d' for the Father and 'J-sus' for the Son, it cannot be done. A name remains the same in all languages.

The father of the Greek goddess Ieso was Asclepius, the deity of healing. The father of Asclepius was Apollo, the great Sun-deity. Thus, the name Iesous can be traced back to Sun-worship. There is also a relationship to the Egyptian goddess Isis and her son Isu. According to Reallexikon der Agpyptischen Religionsgeschichte, the name of Isis appears in ieroglyphic inscriptions as ESU or ES. Isu and Esu sound exactly like "Jesu" that the Savior is called in the translated Scriptures of many languages.

Esu was a Gallic deity comparable to the Scandanavian Odin. The Greek abbreviation for Iesous is IHS, which is found on many inscriptions made by the Church during the Middle Ages. IHS was the mystery name of Bacchus (Tammuz), another Sun-deity. These are only a few examples.

Jew, Jews, Jewish (modern and erroneous usage of the word in many English Bibles)

Generally speaking, a Jew is a person named after his/her religion called Jew-ism or Jew-dah-ism, as a Christian is named after his/her religion called Christianity. The word Jew is not found in the Hebrew, Aramaic, or Greek texts of the Sacred Scriptures, but in many English Bibles the word Jew has become associated with a rendering of the Latin word Judaeus, which was a translation of the Greek word Ioudaios, the Aramaic word Yahudain, and the Hebrew word Yahudah. Although not found in either the Hebrew, Aramaic or the Greek Scriptures, the word Jew is an incorrect English rendering most often translated from the Latin word Judaeus, a Latin translation of the Hebrew word Yahudah. As translated, it is referring to one of the tribes of Israel (Yisrael) named after one of the 12 sons of Jacob. The word Jews, the plural of the word Jew,(Jews) is incorrectly translated most often from the word Hebrew Yahudi, descendants of the tribe named after Yahudah. It must be noted, that the letter 'J' was not in general use until after the 16th century as is now used in many English Bibles to form the incorrect word 'Jew.' In some English Bibles we have received from the translators, the word Juda. This is also an error in translation because the word derives from the Greek Iudaios, which in the English would be Judaios. Judaios was none other then a Greek pagan deity (see W.H. Roscher's lexicon of mythology).

Note: As examples, the following words have been "transliterated" from the Hebrew, Aramaic, or Greek, that is, the letters forming the original word have been place into English letters, so when pronounced in the English, the word will closely represent the sound of the original word as found in the language of the Sacred Scriptures.

Yahud (Aramaic) = corresponding to the Ancient Southern Kingdom and land area named after Yahudah a son of Jacob/Israel, - (incorrectly translated as Judea, or Judah in many English Bibles).

Yahudain, Yahudean, Yahudyn, (like sounding) or Yahudim (Aramaic) = an inhabitant (of any race) living in the Southern Kingdom of Yahud, - (incorrectly translated as Jews, or sometimes Judeans, in many English Bibles). )

Yahudah (Hebrew) = "praised" a son of Jacob/Israel, or his descendants, - (incorrectly translated as Judah, Judah(s), Jew(s) in many English Bibles). )

Yahudi or Yahudy (like sounding) (Hebrew) = plural form of Yahudah, or descendants of, or pertaining to Yahudah, - (incorrectly translated as Jews, Jewish, or Judeans in many English Bibles).

Iouda, or Ioudas (Greek) = Yahudah (Hebrew) a son of Jacob/Israel, or his descendants, the Southern Kingdom - (incorrectly translated as Judah, Judas, Jude, Jew or Jews, or the Southern Kingdom of Yahud in many English Bibles).

Ioudaios (Greek) from Iouda = Yahudain, Yahud (Hebrew) context determines form, see above - (incorrectly translated Jew(s), Jewish, Judea in many English Bibles).

Ioudaismos (Greek) = reference to the religion of the Yahudi, - (Incorrectly translated as Judaism in many English Bibles (from Jew-dah-ism, or Jew-ism).

As used in the Scriptures, the word 'Jew' is sometimes translated to refer to a Yahudain a native or inhabitant (which would include many diverse races and people groups) who were living in the region of Yahud, As the word 'American' includes many diverse peoples living in the Country called 'America'. The word most often refers to an advocate or an adherent to the religion of the Yahudi. In some cases it may refer to a literal descendant of Abraham, Issac, Jacob/Israel, one of the descent of the tribe of Yahudah, but this would be very rare.

Modern Jews are divided into two primary groups, the Ashkenazi Khazar Jew and the Sephardim (or Sephardic Jew). There is a great difference between these groups. They are not one united people. They are divided socially, politically and racially. See Jew Ashkenazi, See Jew Sephardim.

In present day generic usage, the word Jew has no relationship to the Hebrew or the Greek translated word 'Jew' where used in the Old or New Covenant Scriptures. The word is associated primarily to one as an adherent or advocate of Jew-ism the religion of the Jews, but not through ethnics or race. Basically, a Jew is anyone who decides to call himself/herself a Jew.

Within Jewish Circles, there are two other official ways one can become a Jew. One can be born from a mother who calls herself a Jew, or one can 'convert' to become a Jew. (A convert is called a Ger which literally means stranger). Being born a Jew is pretty simple. If one's mother is Jewish (of the Jew-ism religion) then he/she is considered a Jew, if one's mother is not of the Jew-ism religion, then neither is the child officially a Jew. (It doesn't matter what race the father is).

Modern Jew-ism as a religion began about 1000 BCE, and is traced to Rabbenu Gershon of Mainz, Germany, considered the 'Father' of the Ashkenazi Jews. Ashkenazi Jews constitute approximately 90% of all the worlds approximately fourteen million Jews. Modern Jew-ism is not the Scriptural worship system of the Hebrew Yahudi (of the tribe of Yahudah).

Jews do not actively encourage conversion; to a large degree they discourage it. This is the reason Jews have never had missionaries trying to convert non-Jews. They want the convert but the convert must be 100% committed to being a Jew. Discouraging conversion helps to filter out those 'lacking the proper degree' of commitment. Jew-ism is strongly Anti-Christian.

If the non-Jew still wants to become a Jew, the male is circumcised. After he is healed, he immerses himself in a mikva. A mikva is a special pool of water which is used for many religious purposes in the cult of Jew-ism. (It must be made according to very specific rules). A female convert only has to immerse herself.

The term 'Jew', has come to be used synonymous with the term 'Israel, or Israelite', however, this is error. Scriptural "Yisraelites," the collective descendants of the 12 tribes of Jacob/Israel (the Northern Kingdom) were never called Jews. Modern Jews are not of the tribe of Yahudah, and are not a part of the Yisraelites of the Scriptures. They take the name Jew because the name is in the name of their religion i.e. Jew-ism. Jews have deceived may Christians into thinking that Jew-ism is a continuance of the Scriptural worship system of Jacob/Yisrael, but it is not.

Jew, Ashkenazi(m) (Franco-German, Eastern and Central European Jews)

The Northern Kingdom of Yisrael (Israel) was conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, in 745-722 BCE, (for their sin before Yahweh), and the Yisraelites were exiled into (Assyria), 2 Kings 17:5-7. They prospered during the years in Assyria, and became a huge population of people. Outgrowing the land area they eventually migrated North through the 'Caucasus Mountains', and into central and Western Europe forming the Great European Nations. Their descendants are known as Caucasians. As these Yisraelites migrated they influenced many local people groups. No longer having an organized religious priesthood, and not having a nation or national identity, their system of worship was corrupted through many years of captive living in pagan Assyria. During the 7th century A.D. various bits and pieces of the old Yahudain religion was embraced and expanded on by the Khazars, (a people of Turkish descent). The Khazar King, his court, and the Khazar military class, adopted this amalgamated newly formed religion, which is now known as Jew-ism.

Present-day Modern Jew-ism, was formally formed into it's basic cultic worship form about 1,000 years ago, (according to Jewish history), when - Rabbenu Gershon a Khazar/Jew of Mainz, Germany, published a ban on bigamy for the Jews. This marks the recorded beginning of the Ashkenazi Jewish Sect, and Franco-German halachic* creativity. The word 'Ashkenazi' is not Hebrew for the word Germany, although the name has become 'associated' with Germany because many Ashkenazi Jews organized in Eastern Europe.

*halachic - loose 'interpretations' of Old Testament laws.

In common parlance the present day 'Jew' is synonymous with the 'Ashkenazi Khazar/Jew.' Scripture refers to the Ashkenaz in Gen. 10:3, and in I Chron. 1:6, as one of the sons of Gomer, who was a son of Japheth, who was a son of Noah. Ashkenaz was also a brother of Togarmah (and a nephew of Magog) who the Kazars according to King Joseph (of the Kazars) claimed as their ancestor. The people who refer to themselves as Ashkenazi Jews are not Yisraelites, and they are not Semites because they do not descend from Noah's son Shem. They are an Ashkenazi Khazar people group, who descend from Noah's son Japheth. Approximately 90 percent of the Jews in the world call themselves Ashkenazi Jews.

Jew, Sephardim (Spanish Jews)

After the Northern Kingdom of Yisrael (Israel) was conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, in 745-722 BCE, (for their sin before Yahweh), the Israelites from the Northern Kingdom were exiled into (Assyria), 2 Kings 17:5-7. The Assyrian King then imported people groups from his country (Assyria) to replace the exiled Yisraelites in order for him to maintain and control the land of the exiles. The Assyrian Sepharvaim people were one of these groups, along with some Cuthahites, and Arrahites, 2 Kings 17:24. They mingled with each other, along with the Edomite people, who had migrated Northward from Idumea (field of Edom) after Yisrael and the Yahudain were exiled. Adad and Anu were ancient gods of Babylonia and were also the gods of these pagan Sepharvaim people. The Sephardim Yahudain are a mongrel people whose descent is directly from a mixture of this Assyrian people group and the remnant of some of the escaped Yahudain and Yisraelites, strongly mixed with Edomite blood. The Edomites migrated into the land originally occupied by the Northern Kingdom of Yisrael and the Sothern Kingdom of Yahud. The religion of the area also became of mixed character, from this diversity of people, 2 Kings 17:24-41.

The people known as Sephardim Jews, "Spanish Jews," include a mixture of these people who also descended from the Canaanites (the people who colonized Carthage). Following it's sack by Rome, they adopted the Sepharvaim, or Sephardim name and constitute about 5% of world Jews today. The Sephardim Jews speak Latino, a mixture of Spanish and Hebrew. The Sephardim Jews migrated West through Egypt, then North into Spain from Yahud and Samaria before, during, and after the destruction of Yerushalayim by the Romans in 70 CE,. This migration became known as the "Jewish Diaspora". Today, these Sephardim Jews are still using their ancient adopted name Sephardim). They settled in Spain, Portugal, the Eastern Mediterranean, Italy, the Balkans, Salonica and Macedonia, and eventually emigrated into France, England, and Western Europe.

Unlike the Ashkenazi Jew (who never set a foot in the Southern Kingdom of Yahud), the Sepharviam Yahudain did originate from Yahud and were known as Samaritans during the time of Messiah, because most were living in Samaria which was the area from which the Northern Kingdom of Yisrael was removed by the conquest of the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V. The twelve apostles during the time if Messiah, were instructed not to enter the cities of the Samaritans, Matt. 10:5. Although many True Yisraelites of tribal descent living in Samaria did received the witness of Yahshua and the message of redemption from the apostles, Acts, 1:8. Some of the mixed blood Samaritans also became proselytes to the Christian faith, through the Ministry of the apostles. Acts 8:4-25.

The Sephardim Jews, or Sepharviam Jews (spelling is not important) are not of Hebrew Israelite blood; they are not of the tribe of Yahudah although they were called Yahudain, as inhabitants, i.e. persons living in the land originally occupied by Yahud and Yisrael. Their descent is mixed from Edom/Esau/Canaanite blood. The Sephardim Jews, like the Ashkenazi Khazar Jews are not a Semitic people. The word Sephardim is not a Hebrew word for Spain, although the name has become 'associated' with Spain because many Sephardim Jews organized as a people group in Spain.

Jew-ism, (modern Jew-ism, Jew-dah-ism)

Jew-ism, is a cultic (ritual-istic) religion which originated approximately 1000 CE, and is traced to Rabbenu Gershon a Khazar/Jew of Mainz Germany through the publishing of his 'halachic creativity' (interpretation of Old Covenant laws), he thereby established the beginning of the modern cultic religion of Jew-ism. Today the religion is also greatly influenced by the Babylonian Talmud, an ancient Pagan ritual-istic system of various extreme opinions, interpretations, codes, rules, and regulations.

The modern cultic religion of Jew-ism has nothing in common with the Scriptural sacrificial worship system which was completely destroyed by Yahshua the Messiah of Yisrael in 70 CE, at the destruction of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) Herod's Edomite Temple. Yahshua then completely established the New Covenant. Christianity is the religious system of Faith which replaced the ancient Cultic (ritual-istic) sacrificial worship system of Yisrael, and the Yahudi.


A term loosely applied to anything pertaining to modern Jews. In Scripture sometimes incorrectly applied to a Yahudi, a descendant of the tribe of Yahudah. Scriptural accuracy has no bearing on the use of the modern term 'Jewish.' See also the word 'Israel'

Jew (definition from Jewish sources)

Jew - an individual who is a member of the Jewish People.

The Question of "Who is a Jew?" has arisen with particular urgency today, especially in the modern State of Israel. This is because of intense pressure from the Movements of Reform and Conservative Jewry, who feel that they have been excluded or, more precisely, that Conversions performed by their Rabbis have not been recognized by Israeli authorities. Another major factor is the immigration of hundreds of thousands of individuals from the former Soviet Union, many of whom claim that they are Jews and who were in fact persecuted in their homeland because of that identification, but who may not, according to the Halachic definition (a definition according to Jewish Law) given below, be Jewish.

According to strict Halachah, the answer to the question is clear. A Jew is someone who either … is a child of a Jewish mother or is a Convert to Judaism who, after a period of serious and verified study of the Principles of the Faith and the Laws of Judaism, has done the following:

Accepted upon Himself or Herself the "Yolk of the Kingdom of Heaven and the Yolk of G-d's Commandments" Immersed Him or Herself in a Ritual Pool of Water known as a "Mikveh," symbolizing Rebirth If a male, has undergone the Process of "Brit Milah," Circumcision.

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The title "lord" is applied to all heathen deities, if the word "g-d" is not used for them. In most cases "lord" and "g-d" are used interchangeably for pagan idols.

There was an Etruscan house deity whose name was Lar, which signified "Lord." It was also known as Larth, who later on became very popular in Rome and became known as Lares (plural) because as idol statues they were usually in pairs. The Greek equivalent of this name was Heros, which was another name for Zeus. A feminine form was known as Lara, who was the beloved of the god Mercury. Lar and Larth mean Lord. The letters "th" and "d" were virtually interchangeably used, in various nations. It was also common to find "o" and "a" interchangeably used in Old and Middle English. The word "Lord" can also be traced back to Loride, a surname for the Teutonic god Thor, and to Lordo, another deity.

Instead of "Lord," the word "Master," an exact rendering of the Hebrew Adonai and the Greek Kurios, can better be used. See Adonai

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A word associated with a Christian belief in leaving this earth to go to heaven at some time connected with a second advent of Yahshua the Messiah. A doctrine nowhere supported in the Set Apart Scriptures.

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The Scripturally sanctified seventh day of the week designated by YAHWEH as the day of rest when no work is to be done. Observed from sundown Friday to sunset Saturday; also refers to one of seven annual days declared Set Apart by YAHWEH.


Saw-tawn, is the Hebrew word meaning "adversary" or "accuser" or "opponent." Satan is the English word transliterating the Hebrew word "saw-tawn. This Hebrew word should have been translated into English as "adversary," "the adversary," "an adversary," "accuser," "the accuser," or "opponent," "the opponent." In the Greek Scriptures, the Hebrew word is transliterated into "Sa-tan" with the same exact meaning as the Hebrew. The Hebrew meaning would have been the correct and proper way to translate from one language to another, (render the word as to its meaning in the other language). However, in many cases (but not all) the translators chose to transliterate "saw-tawn" simply meaning adversary, as satan, and then changing the word into a name by using a capital "S" thus the word "saw-tawn" which means "adversary, accuser, or opponent" was turned into a proper name!
Saw-tawn (satan) in Hebrew and satan in the Greek is not a proper name! It is simply a word that means adversary, accuser, or opponent.


The word Semite originates from one of the three sons of Noah, who was called Shem. A Semite then, is a descendent from Noah's son Shem. Shem was the father of Arpachshad, who was the father of Shelah, who was the father of Eber (the father of the Hebrews), who was an ancestor of Abram/Abraham, who was the father of Isaac, who was the father of Jacob/Israel. Semites include Arabic and European Israelites (Caucasions). The phrase is incorrectly applied when used as opposition to Jews, because most Jews are not descendants of Shem, but of Ashkenaz, who was the son of Gomer, who was the son of Japheth, who was a son of Noah. See Jew, Ashkenazi; See Jew Sephardim

Serpent (Gen 3:1)

A miss-translation from the Hebrew word "Nachash" (Gen. 3:1). The root meaning of the word is associated with the notions of "shining" (like brass) and "enchantment" (see Deut 18:10; Num 21:9). Accordingly, this created being is a "shining enchanter". In Ezk 16:36 the word nechoshet (a feminine form) is associated with the allure (moist, enchanting) of the female genitals.

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An incorrect translation, (or mistake) in the King James Version and many other translations, for the word "covenant." The word "Testament" is a translation of the Greek word diatheke (which means covenant, solemn contract); translating testament for Covenant is unfortunate, for by its use, truth has been effectually veiled through the centuries.

A covenant is a binding agreement between two parties; it is a two-party solemn agreement bound by oath. On the other hand, a testament is a written instrument by which someone has disposed of his estate. The Scriptural Covenant (Contract) was given to Israel through Abraham.

This word "testament" as a description of our present spiritual realm, is inherited from Rome, for it has come to us through the use of the word "testament" in the Latin Vulgate. The word gives the wrong impression of "receiving only, or of disposal of an estate." It contributes to the erroneous teachings of "only believe," "grace only," "good works are unnecessary," "love only." The doctrine of "only believe" is the fruit of the work of the "spirit that works in the sons of disobedience," the spirit in the Man of Lawlessness who instituted this "no-law-religion," the Great Apostasy, the Mystery of Lawlessness. See Covenant


The teaching of the triune nature of Yahweh [G-d] does not originate from Scripture. The "Trinity" entered the Christian belief through the original The Apostles' Creed, formulated as an integral part of the rite of baptism (This "rite" is not the same act as we find in Scripture). A clearly divided and separate confession of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, corresponding to the Divine Persons invoked in the formula of baptism was imposed by Catholicism, a dogma that has persisted into the present day. This Creed developed from a primitive teaching, and is referred to in a letter addressed to Siricius by the Council of Milan (Migne, P.L., XVI, 1213), which supplies the earliest known instance of the combination Symbolum Apostolorum ("Creed of the Apostles").

The idea that the Trinity originated with the 12 Apostles, or from Scripture is a myth. The actual inception of the doctrine of the Trinity seems to be best explained as coming from the Nicene Creed formulated under the Emperor Constantine in 325 AD, in the attempt to consolidate many of the various religious groups existing under his Empire. Pagan trinities abound throughout history, and it was Constantine I who brought this doctrine into the Messianic faith at the Council of Nicea in AD 325. The concept served the purposes of the early ruling authorities to bring Pagans into an understanding of the teachings of the followers of Yahshua by means of Pagan models. Rather than simply correcting the behavior of Pagans, and Pagan the concepts entering the Christian religion, they instead, adopted many of the processes and customs of Paganism.

Yahweh is Spirit. He has manifested Himself to us in many ways over time. The last time He spoke to us through His Son. Yahweh is the Father Creator being, Yahshua is the son of the Father, the spirit is Yahweh, the Creator being, who is spirit. The Father is not the son, and the son is not the Father. Yahweh is not Yahshua.

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Yahushua, Yahoshua, Yahshua

From YHWSHUA (English transliteration of the Hebrew). The revealed personal and proper name of the Son of YAHWEH, the Messiah (anointed one). The prophet to First Century Israel, and deliverer of Israel. pronounced YAH-oo-SHUA, with YHW represented by YAH-OO, and SHUA represented by SHUA (soft on the OO). Also transliterated as Yahoshua, Yahushua, Yahshua, but never 'Yeshua' a 'Jewish' transliteration of a common Hebrew noun meaning 'salvation' and does not qualify for being "the Name which is above every name.


From YHWH, YHVH, or YH, (English transliterations of the Hebrew). The revealed personal and proper name of the one true Elohim (G-d), the Creator of all. From the Hebrew Set Apart Scripture, Ex. 3:15; Ps. 68:4, 83:16-18; Isa. 42:8, 52:6. (YH is an abbreviated form, pronounced YAH). The proper Hebrew name of the Creator is transliterated in English as Ia-HU-eH, (it is pronounced as YAH-oo-EH). YHW is represented by YAH-oo sound, (soft on the OO) and the final H represented by EH or AY. Also transliterated from Hebrew into English letter forms as YHWH, YHVH, YAH (in the abbreviated form), and as YAHUWEH, YAHWEH (in the longer form). or YAHVAH.


The morality, emotions, worship and covenant relationship, that is connected with True Israel, and their Almighty Sovereign Creator Power who is manifested throughout the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures named YHWH (Yahweh).


An adherent to the belief of Yahwism.


Yiddish is an amalgamated language born in the German Rhineland about the end of the tenth century, (about the same time as Jew-dah-ism) by a Jewish colony that had emigrated from France into Germany, and adopted the language of their new German hosts.

Throughout recent history Jews have created their own forms of the languages of those among whom they have lived. Yiddish derives its name from a dialectal form of the German Jode 'Jew', Presently its form is different than its earlier form, when the migrating Jews abandoned the older forms, and added German.

Yiddish is mostly German, but colored by Hebrew, Slavonic, Romance and (increasingly) English. It is written using Hebrew characters from right to left.

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The use of words translated in error, and the use of words having a pagan origin, (Sun-worship in particular), is very prevalent in the various Bible versions. Whether or not the reader agrees with these findings, some decisions have to be made.

If you view these findings, and confirm them as valid, it will be necessary to decide whether to accept them or not. If they are accepted, the True Believer (commonly known as 'Christians') have to decide what he will do with the imformation. He/she can try to eliminate the words from his/her vocabulary, but this will take time to accomplish. Since no version is perfect, he/she should choose which is the best version for him/her in this regard. If these findings are not accepted, he/she will see no need for change. Such a person must be aware of the statement of Yahshua that not everyone who calls, "Master, Master," will enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 8: 21).

Another problem comes for those who claim that their "Bible" translation is without error or that "G-d" dictated the contents to the writers. If the "Bible" was inspired by "G-d" and has no errors, which one version is it? If "G-d" dictated to the writers the exact words, why would He have inserted words whose origins can be traced back to pagan religions, especially to the Sun-deity? Yahweh told the children of Israel not to make mention the name of other gods or let it be heard out of their mouths (Exodus 23: 13).

It is now up to the reader. If you are a True Believer of YHWH (YAHWEH), and His son Yahshua, you will not give honor, consciously or unconsciously, to a pagan idol. If you cannot, or will not avoid giving such honor, are you any better than the Emperor Constantine who claimed to have had a vision and became a "Christian" while still honoring the pagan Sun-deity?

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